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NATIVE PLANT LIST for New York, Pennsylvania, and Northern New Jersey

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for New York, Pennsylvania, and northern New Jersey. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.


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  TREES     SHRUBS     PERENNIALS-SUN    PERENNIALS-SHADE  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Box Elder
Red Maple
Silver Maple
Sugar Maple
Black or Sweet Birch
River Birch
Gray Birch
Hornbeam
Hackberry
Eastern Redbud
Fringetree
Flowering Dogwood
American Beech
White Ash
Green Ash
Eastern Red Cedar
Sweet Gum
Tulip Poplar
Sweetbay Magnolia
Black Gum
American Sycamore
Eastern Cottonwood
Wild Plum
Black Cherry
White Oak
Swamp White Oak
Scarlet Oak
Pin Oak
Chestnut Oak
Red Oak
Black Oak
Black Willow
Sassafras
Basswood

Acer negundo
Acer rubrum
Acer saccharinum
Acer saccharum
Betula lenta
Betula nigra
Betula populifolia
Carpinus caroliniana
Celtis occidentalis
Cercis canadensis
Chionanthus virginicus
Cornus Florida
Fagus grandifolia
Fraxinus americana
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Juniperus virginiana
Liquidambar styraciflua
Liriodendron tulipifera
Magnolia virginiana
Nyssa sylvatica
Plantanus occidentalis
Populus deltoides
Prunus americana
Prunus serotina
Quercus alba
Quercus bicolor
Quercus coccinea
Quercus palustris
Quercus prinus
Quercus rubra
Quercus velutina
Salix nigra
Sassafras albidum
Tilia americana

S
F-P
F-P
S
F-P
F
F-P
F-S
F-P
F
F-P
S
S
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-S
F
P-S
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
P-S
F-P
P-S
P
F-P
P-S
F-P
F-P
P-S


W-D
W-D
A-W
A
A
A-W
A
A-W
W-D
D
A
A
A
A
A
D-A
A-W
A
A-W
A
A-W
A-W
W-D
A-W
D
W
D
A-W
A
D-A
D
A-W
D-A
A-W
30-50'
40-75'
60-75'
80'
60'
40-70'
30'
20-30'
50-75'
15-25'
20'
25-30'
50-75'
60-80'
50-60'
30-40'
60-100'
40-100'
20-30'
40-60'
70-100'
40-50'
12-20'
50-80'
60-100'
50-60'
75'
60-80'
60-70'
60-75'
50-60'
50+'
30-60'
60-80'
Migrating birds eat seeds; male and female plants
Brilliant orange to crimson and scarlet in the fall
Lacy-like leaves with a white bloom on the underside
Fantastic orange fall color; classic maple syrup
Deciduous tree; wintergreen aroma from leaves, twigs
Modest yellow color; seeds attract birds
White bark; yellow fall color
Crisp, green summer foliage turns red-orange in fall
Yellow fall color; interesting warts on trunk in winter
Pea-like blooms in spring along twigs and branches
Show-stopping creamy white flowers in April-May
Large white flowers in spring; loved by wildlife
Dark green summer foliage turns to golden
Yellow, maroon, purple fall color; butterfly larval plant
Grows fast; tolerates salt; yellow fall color
Good for screening; attracts birds
Yellow, orange, scarlet, purple in fall; fruit litter prob.
Attracts hummingbirds, squirrels; butterfly host plant
3" creamy white lemon-scented flowers all summer
Yellow, orange, red, purple in fall; fruit attracts birds
Leaves drop all summer; white mottled bark
Short-lived; messy tree; modest fall color
Nice flowers in spring; 1" red-yellow fruit; low upkeep
Prized wood; edible fruit; leaves, twigs, bark poison
Brown, red, wine fall color; birds, squirrels eat acorns
Yellow to red-purple fall color
Brilliant scarlet fall color; rapid growth
Russett, bronze, red fall color
Useful lumber; acorns feed much wildlife
Russet red to bright red fall color; grows rapidly
Reddish brown fall color
Host plant for butterflies
Yellow flwrs (Apr); yellow, orange, pink, scarlet in fall
Wood used for carving; nectar makes honey; seeds attract wildlife
 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Speckled Alder
Smooth Alder
Shadbush Serviceberry
Allegheny Serviceberry
Red Chokeberry
Black Chokeberry
Sea Myrtle
Buttonbush
Sweet Pepperbush
Silky Dogwood
Gray Dogwood
Red-osier Dogwood
Witchhazel
Winterberry
Virginia Sweetspire
Marsh Elder
Spicebush
Wax Myrtle
Northern Bayberry
Common Ninebark
Beach Plum
Fragrant Sumac
Dwarf-winged Sumac
Smooth Sumac
Staghorn Sumac
Swamp Rose
Silky Willow
Elderberry
Arrowwood
Nannyberry
Black Haw
Cranberry Bush

Alnus rugosa
Alnus serrulata
Amelanchier canadensis
Amelanchier laevis
Aronia arbutifolia
Aronia melanocarpa
Baccharis halimifolia
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Clethra alnifolia
Cornus amomum
Cornus racemosa
Cornus sericea
Hamamelis virginiana
Ilex verticillata
Itea virginica
Iva frutescens
Lindera benzoin
Myrica cerifera
Myrica pensylvanica
Physocarpus opulifolius
Prunus maritima
Rhus aromatica
Rhus copalina
Rhus glabra
Rhus typhina
Rosa palustris
Salix sericea
Sambucus canadensis
Viburnum dentatum
Viburnum lentago
Viburnum prunifolium
Viburnum trilobum

F-P
F-S
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
P-S
F-S
F-P
F-S
F-P
F-P
F
P-S
P-S
F
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
F
F
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P

A-W
W
D
D-A
W-D
D-W
W
W-A
W-A
A-W
W-D
W-A
A-D
W-A
W-D
A-W
W-A
D-A
D-W
A-D
A-D
D
D
D-A
D
W-A
W-A W-A
W-A
A-D
A-D
A-W

15-25'
15-20'
1-20'
40'
5-10'
3-5'
3-10'
3-8'
2-4'
6-15'
8-15'
3-10'
8-20'
6-10'
3-6'
8'
8-15'
15-20'
5-8'
6'
10'
2-6'
20-30'
9-15'
9-15'
4-6'
12'
5-10'
6-12'
18'
8-15'
8-12'

Provides wildlife habitat
Yellow and orange fall colors; fruit eaten by birds
White flowers bloom in early spring; edible fruit
Showy white flowers (Mar-June); edible fruit (Jun-Jul)
Bright red fruit and scarlet to pinkish-orange fall color
Dependable showy orange, burgendy, purple fall color
White flower heads; attractive fall foliage
Blooms attract butterflies; emergent in shallow water
Ivory white fragrant blooms in summer
Flat white flower head mid-spring -- not fragrant
2" dia. hemispherical inflorescences for 1 wk, May-Jun
White flowers in spring; twigs, berries turn red in fall
Golden yellow flowers in fall
Greenish white flowers bloom in spring
White blooms in early summer; red, orange in fall
Evergreen; inconspicuous flowers
Yellow blooms in early spring
Olive-green leaves, fragrant when crushed
Semi-evergreen; transplants well
Thicket-forming; responds to pruning; purple foliage
White spring blossoms; fruit used to make preserves
Showy orange to reddish-purple fall color
Red fall color; winter food for birds and wildlife
Velvety red fruit on female plants lasts into winter
Vibrant red and gold autumn foliage
Frag. flowers (summer); red hips (winter); fall color
Provides good wildlife habitat
Pinnate leaves; blooms in early summer
Creamy-white blooms in spring
White flat-topped inflorescenses 5" diameter in May
Creamy-white flowers in spring
White flowers; bright red edible bird-attracting fruit
 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennials - Sun          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Blue Star
Canada Anemone
Wild Columbine
Butterfly Weed
New England Aster
False Indigo
Boltonia
Marsh Marigold
River Oats
White Turtlehead
Pink Turtlehead
Tickseed
Pale Coneflower
Purple Coneflower
Joe-Pye-Weed
Wild Geranium
Swamp Sunflower
Alumroot
Swamp Rose Mallow
Blue Flag Iris
Blazing Star
Great Blue Lobelia
Monarda
Switch Grass
Beardtongue
Summer Phlox
Brown-eyed Susan
Goldenrod

Amsonia montana
Anemone canadensis
Aquilegia canadensis
Asclepias tuberosa
Aster novi-angliae
Baptisia australis
Boltonia asteroides
Caltha palustris
Chasmanthium latifolium
Chelone glabra
Chelone lyonii
Coreopsis lanceolata
Echinacea pallida
Echinacea purpurea
Eupatorium
spp.
Geranium maculatum
Helianthus angustifolius
Heuchera americana
Hibiscus moscheutos
Iris versicolor
Liatris
spp.
Lobelia siphilitica
Monarda
spp.
Panicum virgatum
Penstemon
spp.
Phlox paniculata
Rudbeckia fulgida
Solidago
spp.

F-P
F-P
P-S
F
F
F
F
F
F-S
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F
F-P
F-S
F
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F
F
F-P
F-P
F

A
A
A-D
A-D
A
A-D
A-D
W
A
A
A-W
D-A
D-A
A-D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A-D
A-W
A
A
D
A-W
A
A-D

2'
12-18"
1-2.5'
2-3'
3-7'
3-6'
4'
1-2'
48"
1-3'
24-30"
12-36"
24-36"
3'
6-8'
1-2'
6'
1-3'
4-7'
2-3'
1-3'
1-3'
3-4'
48-64"
2-4'
24-48"
5'
3-7'

Light blue flowers in May
Strong growing plant produces single white blooms
Unique red and yellow flowers attract hummingbirds
Brilliant orange flowers; butterfly host plant
Bright lavender flwrs with yellow ctrs late summer-fall
Blue spikes of pea-shaped flowers (May-Jun)
Tall plant with white or pink flowers, resemble asters
1-1.5" bright yellow flowers in spring and summer
Grass turns copper in fall; bamboo-like appearance
White to pink 1-1.5" flowers summer into fall
Showy pink flowers July through September
Showy deep yellow flowers on tall stems in May, June
Large daisy-like flowers with drooping purp-pink petals
Daisy-like flowers with rose-purple rays
Pink, purple or white flowers
1" lavender-purple flowers in spring and summer
Yellow flwrs in late summer, fall; more blooms in June
Grn-purp bell-shaped flwrs on leafless stalk (spr-sum)
4-6" wht-pink flwrs with purp-crimson base (sum-fall)
3-4" blue flowers with yellow and white markings
Spike-like flowers late summer and early fall
Elongated cluster of pale-dark blue flwrs late sum-fall
Bloom July-August and beyond; attracts hummingbirds
Warm season grass; sod forming; red-tinged foliage
Attracts hummingbirds
Attractive fall flowers attract butterflies
Good, lasting cut flowers
Common yellow wildflower

 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennials - Shade          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  Maidenhair Fern
Wild Columbine
Spikenard
Jack-in-the-Pulpit
Goat's Beard
Wild Ginger
Blue Wood Aster
Green-and-Gold
River Oats
Black Cohosh
Spring Beauty
Dutchman's Breeches
Fringed Bleeding Heart
Shield Fern
Yellow Trout Lily
Wild Geranium
Alumroot
Cardinal flower
Great Blue Lobelia
Virginia Bluebells
Cinnamon Fern
Royal Fern
Allegheny spruge
Creeping Phlox
Jacob's Ladder
Bloodroot
Celandine Poppy
Foamflower
Trillium
Adiantum pedatum
Aquilegia canadensis
Aralia racemosa
Arisaema triphyllum
Aruncus dioicus
Asarum canadensis
Aster cordifolius
Chrysogonum virginianum
Chasmanthium latifolium
Cimicifuga racemosa
Claytonia virginica
Dicentra cucullaria
Dicentra eximia
Dryopteris
spp.
Erythronium americanum
Geranium maculatum
Heuchera americana
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia siphilitica
Mertensia virginica
Osmunda cinnamonea
Osmunda regalis
Pachysandra procumbens
Phlox stolonifera
Polemonium reptans
Sanguineria canadensis
Stylophorum diphyllum
Tiarella cordifolia
Trillium
spp.

P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
F-P
F-S
P-S
S-F
S
F-P
P-S
P-S
F-S
S
F-P
P-S
P-S
P-S
P
P-S
P-S
P-S
S
S
P-S
S
A
A-D
A-W
A
A
A
A-D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
D
W
W
A-W
A-W
A-W
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

18-36"
1-2.5'
3-5'
12+"
4-6'
6"
1-3'
6-12"
48"
3-8'
3-5'
1'
12-18"
18-24"
3-6"
1-2'
1-3'
3-5'
1-3'
1-2'
24-48"
2-6'
9-12"
6"
1'
6-10"
18"
6-12"
6"-1'

Airy fan-shaped bl-grn fronds on delicate black stems
Unique red and yellow flowers attract hummingbirds
Bushy plant; sm. wht flwrs produce red berries in fall
Spathe appears Mar-May; red berries late summer-fall
6-10" plumes of small cream-colored flowers
Evergreen ground cover; heart-shaped glossy leaves
Blue flowers in September-October
Yellow blooms early spring through summer
Grass turns copper in fall; bamboo-like appearance
Long slender candle-like clusters of wht flwrs; sum-fall
Pink-white flowers Feb-May; plant dormant after
White-yellow flowers resemble pantaloons in spring
Attractive foliage and pink and white flowers
Varied genera of ferns, some with interesting fall color
Large, six-petalled yellow flowers
1" lavender-purple flowers in spring and summer
Green-purple flwrs bloom on leafless stalks spr-sum
Terminal clusters of bright red flowers 1.5" long in fall
Elongated cluster of pale-dark blue flwrs late sum-fall
Nodding, trumpet-like 1" blue flwrs spring, early sum.
Circ. cluster of arching fronds, reddish fertle fronds
Bipannate blade; pinnae resemble locust tree leaves
Spikes of pink, white flwrs (spr); dark foliage in shade
White, pink, purple-violet trumpet-shaped flwrs (spr)
Terminal clusters of light blue bell-shaped flwrs (Apr)
2" white flwrs with yellow centers; roots have red sap
2" wide lemon-yellow flowers bloom spring, early sum
Evergreen ground cover; feathery flowers Apr-June
White or pink flowers have three broad petals
 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
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Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
               
  TREES     SHRUBS     PERENNIALS-SUN    PERENNIALS-SHADE  
 
1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. PlantNative Staff.

 



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